Mala, Buddhist rosary. 108 cinabre beads, obsidian celeste eye, 18k gold plated silver, cloisone, Kalachakra tantra reliquary.
Kalachakra is a complex meditation practice that belongs to the highest class of tantra, anuttara yoga. The literature of the Kalachakra, in addition to providing a profound method to overcome the negative effects of compulsive karma and achieve enlightenment for the benefit of all, includes an encyclopedia of ancient Indian sciences of universal utility, whatever our beliefs are.
Kalachakra means "cycles of time," with time being a measure of change both at the external level of the world and the universe and at the internal level of the body. As such, it can be measured in many ways. Externally there are the cycles of the orbits of the planets, the months and seasons of the year, the phases of the moon, the hours of the day and so on, not to mention the historical cycles and periods of war and peace. Internally there are cycles of periods of life (early childhood, childhood, adulthood, and old age), menstrual cycles, sleep cycles and circadian rhythms, the number of breaths per day and so on. These external and internal cycles are in close parallel. Just as stars, galaxies and universes go through cycles of formation, endurance, dissipation and extinction, human beings undergo the cycles of birth, life, old age and death, as well as a bardo, or period Intermediate. Moreover, both internal and external cycles are repeated without beginning through the perpetual rebirth of universes and lives.
Our experience of these external and internal time cycles is shaped by our karma. Karma is the mental factor that compulsively drives us to do, say or think something, and is based on ignorance and confusion about the effects of our conduct and how we, others and all things exist. According to some explanations, karma also includes the compulsive energy with which we act and speak, as well as the compulsive form of our actions and the compulsive sound of our word. From our karmic behaviors, it follows that we experience recurrent and uncontrollable rebirths, subject to the ravages of external and internal time cycles. It also results in us experiencing these cycles with the suffering of new cycles of all kinds of evils, and with a type of happiness that is never lasting or satisfying. The Kalachakra adds to this description the cycles of the winds of karma, which are responsible for the appearances (mental holograms) generated by our mental activity during our cycles of waking, dreaming, deep sleep, and during the experience climax of orgasmic ecstasy.
There is a third cycle of time, known as the "Alternative Kalachakra," which includes a tantric initiation cycle (transmission), two stages of practice and the attainment of Buddhahood. This cycle is not only an alternative to external and internal kalachakras, but also an antidote to their harmful influence. After all, if our energy, clarity of mind and moods are influenced by meteorology, the amount of sun per day, hormonal changes, age degeneration, etc., it not only hinders our ability to reach our goals, it also prevents us from being effective in helping others.
Kalachakra is unique in many ways. Indeed, in its presentation of the external cycles of time, the literature of the kalachakra offers complex mathematical formulas for calculating the positions of the sun, moon and planets, the duration of summer solstice days, the time of eclipses, the lunar calendar and astrological horoscopes. It even includes engineering instructions for the construction of useful mechanical equipment in times of war and peace. The discussion of internal cycles offers detailed descriptions of the body's subtle energy system with its chakras, channels and drops, added to many aspects integrated into the Tibetan medical tradition, as well as an analysis of the sanskrite phonetics.
The initiation of Kalachakra and the two stages of practice are also unique, with many characteristic traits that differ from other tantras of anuttara yoga. The initiation, respecting the parallelism between the internal and external kalachakras, is conferred following stages that correspond to the stages of life and is modelled on them. The mandala palace and the body of the main Buddha figure have the same proportions as the model of the universe and the human body. Because of the complexity of the external and internal worlds and the need for a full purification of both, the mandala contains more figures than almost all other tantra systems. The various sets of figures among the 722 in and around the palace correspond to ensembles such as the number of days and months in a lunar year, as well as the senses, elements and factors of the aggregates of the body and mind. In addition, the final stages of practice with the subtle energy system open a unique mode of access to the mind of clear-light (the most subtle level of mental activity) and a unique type of subtle body (an empty form) that serves as a prototype for body of Buddha's shapes.
Cinabre (family of Hgs formula sulphides), from the Greek Kinnaburi, Cinabre was already known since the Neolithic for its use as a pigment in murals and religious ceremonies.
The Greek philosopher Theophaphise (-371/ -288) mentions cinabre mines in Spain, e, Colchide and a meadows of Ephesus (the book of stones) where cinabre is extracted from a sandy mineral.
The earliest archeological evidence is found in Turkey (-8000), Spain (-5300), then in China (Yangshao culture - 4000 and early Bronze Age in Erlitou culture)
Its ancient use has also been attested in China, the Shang Dynasty (-1570/ -1045) used it during divination (scapulomancia) to make appear and interpret cracks on turtle shells.
The Chinese used cinabre 3,500 years ago as a pigment for pottery or as ink. They would have been the first to make vermilion at the beginning of our era. Used in Chinese medicine either to clarify the heart and calm the mind, or locally to eliminate toxicity.
Chinese Taoists used it as a drug of immortality, hence mercurial poisonings. The most famous is that of Emperor Qin Shihuang in - 210.
In Egypt of the Ptolemy, the practice of cremation appears. On some burnt bone fragments, there is a red color, the dye is cinabre intentionally deposited.
In the first century, Dioscorides, devotes a notice of his pharmacopoeia "materia medica" to the cinabre coming from Libya.
In antiquity, cinabre was used as a pigment that was generally reserved for the elite. Rome makes it a state monopoly and sets the selling price. Pliny refers to it as a minium.
Vitruva in the 1st century BC describes the use in painting.
In the 3rd century AD, Zosime de Panapolis, a Greek scientist and alchemist, born in Egypt, mentions that cinabre is composed of sulfur and mercury.
In 721, the Iranian and alchemist Geber explains that mercury and sulphur can combine with heat, in cinabre.
In the Middle Ages, in the East, the most important documents were signed with an ink based on cinabre (reserved, byzantium to the emperor)
Some illuminations are made with ink based on cinabre and blood.
1527: Paracelsus prescribes mercury as a treatment for syphilis
In 1797: Constantin Kirchnoff discovered a process for the production of cinabre by wet.
Many counterfeits in resin, circulates on the market.
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