amulet, dragon king pendant (Ao) in obsidian ice.
Before going into the details of this piece, we would like to warn our readers against the numerous counterfeits of the molded glass obsidian. Obsidian being a natural volcanic vitrification, it is easy to counterfeit this material. Only a detailed examination with the eye, the magnifying glass and the microscope can unravel the true from the false. As obsidian ice is relatively rare, a very low price should alert the future purchaser. Extraction on the production site, transport, pruning, trading, all at once. We carefully examine our obsidians to ensure their authenticity to our customers.
We are able to provide a certificate of authenticity on request.
- Obsidian is a natural glass, it is produced during a silica-rich lava emission containing very little water (-3%). When it leaves the volcano, it undergoes a very rapid cooling that freezes the crystallization mechanisms. "It's like a piece of lava frozen as it emerges from the volcano."
- Obsidian forms so quickly that atoms are unable to organize into crystalstructures. The result is a volcanic glass with a smooth, uniform texture. Due to the lack of crystalline structure, the obsidian has sharp stops and extremely fine blades.
- It is a natural mineral material that has a composition too complex to be composed of a simple mineral. However, obsidian consists mainly of SiO2 (silicon dioxide), usually 70% or more.
- Its fracture is clearly conchoidal and its hardness on the Mohs scale is between 7 and 7.5 (it scratches the glass).
- Black is the most common obsidian color. However, it can also be brown or green. Rarely, obsidian can be blue, red, orange or yellow.
-The color difference appears due to changes in impurities and the oxidation state of chemical elements.
- It is a dark colored stone, due to its richness of magnesium and iron. The surface of this gemstone is made up of beautiful patterns in the form of streaks, patches, stains, inclusions or stripes of color. These various modes are created naturally at the time of the formation of the stone.
- Sometimes two obsidian colors blend together into a single specimen. The most common colour combination is black and brown, known as the mahogany Obsidian.
- Obsidian may also have an iridescent or metallic appearance caused by the luminous reflection of tiny inclusions of mineral crystals, rock debris or gas. These specimens are highly coveted for jewelry making.
The dragon has been the symbol of the Emperor of China for two millennia. Even today, it is considered a national symbol. In ancient times, it was one of the four magical or so ling animals, signs by which Heaven manifested itself to men. Among the Easts, it represents the east. It is also one of twelve cyclical animals in the Chinese calendar. Dragons are found in most ancient mythologies, but while the Christian West has made the dragon an evil animal, it is, in China, a symbol of energy and an auspicious sign.
Ao is the generic term for the four "Dragon King" that were all subjects of the Emperor of Jade. Each of them has their own name, and they share the surname Ao which means "play" or "proud"). Each of the four Dragons of the Four Seas is associated with a colour and body of water corresponding to one of the four cardinal directions and one of China's natural borders: the East Sea (the East China Sea), the South Sea (the Sea of China meridian West Sea (Qinghai Lake) and the North Sea (Lake Baikal).
There is much discussion about the origin of the Chinese dragon; the most diverse theories have been put forward; they all have in common to rely on extremely thin evidence and to almost completely ignore the ways of thinking of the men of antiquity. They take very little account of ancient texts and rely on haphazard reasoning based on data from archaeology.
In recent years, archaeological discoveries have shown that the dragon already plays a major role in The Neolithic cultures of China. The earliest known representations date from the 4th millennium BC. They were discovered in northern China, in sites of the so-called Hongshan culture, and in Central China, in a site belonging to the Yangshao culture.
It appears, therefore, that dragon-related cults existed on the territory of present-day China in distinct cultures prior to the beginning of the historical period and that these cults, like the animals to which they were rendered, were very different from some of the Other.
In the popular religion, the Dragon Kings had the power of life and death because they ruled over the rain, indispensable to life, and over the funeral. As gods of rivers, lakes and seas, they represented wisdom, strength and goodness. Because they controlled the precipitation, during the great periods of drought, people made noisy offerings or processions following the representation of a dragon. Protectors of smugglers and water carriers, the dragon kings punished any waste. The wrath of the Dragon Kings was attributed to storms, fog and earthquakes.
The dragon-king worship is celebrated throughout China with processions during the fifth and sixth moons, and especially on the date of its anniversary, the thirteenth day of the sixth moon. But they are often preferred local deities who are better able to deal with local needs. In the event that the prayers for bringing rain to the Dragon King were not followed by effect the statue of the deity in full sun was abandoned, guaranteeing that under the effect of suffering it would be quicker to react and intervene with Emperor of Jade because only he can decide as a last resort.
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