Samantabhadra Tibetan protection amulet in solid silver 925, gold plated 18k
The wheel of the dharma on the back of the pendant is rotating.
The belière depicts Garuda, a fabulous bird man from Hindu and then Buddhist mythology, son of Kashyapa and Vinatâ and brother of Aruna, the driver of the chariot of the god Sureya. It is the vâhana, or mount, of the god Vishnu. He is also considered the king of birds.
In Tibet, Khyung (ཁྱུང) is the Tibetan name for Garuda. Coming from India, he was likened to the khading of the Bun religion, the golden-horned eagle. The black garuda is a deity of the nyingmapa school of Tibetan Buddhism that is held to suppress the affections caused by the naga and spirits of the earth. It's on the Lungta. He is represented in the iconography of Shambhala by Chogyam Trungpa for whom he is associated with significant speed and power. Like the phoenix, it rises from the ashes of destruction, it is indestructible.
Samantabhadra, whose name in Sanskrit means universal dignity, is a Mahayana bodhisattva, or great vehicle.
Associated with dhyana, meditation, he forms a triad with The Buddha Siddartha Gautama and the bodhisattva Manjushri.
Dignitary of the lotus sutra, and according to the sutra of Avatamsaka, Samantabhadra made the ten great vows of the bodhisattva
1. Pay tribute and respect to all Buddhas.
2. praise the So-Venu the Tathagata (Buddha)
3. Make abundant offerings.
4. Repent of misdeeds and bad karmas.
5. Rejoice in the merits and virtues of others.
6. Ask the Buddhas to continue teaching.
7. Ask the Buddhas to stay in the world.
8. Follow the teachings of Buddhas at all times.
9. Welcome and benefit all living things.
10. Transfer all merits and virtues to the benefit of all beings.
Known in Chinese Buddhism as Puxian, it is associated with action, while Manjushri is associated with transcendent wisdom or prajna.
Answering the name Fugen in Japan, Samantabhadra is the subject of an important cult in the Tendai and Shingon movements.
Considered the adhi-Buddha Primordial in the Nyinqma current of Tibetan Buddhism, it is often depicted in Yab-Yum, or female male indivisible union with his wife or paredre Samantabhadri.
Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche following the Nyingmapa Dzogchen tradition describes the nature and essence of Samantabhadra, the Primordial Buddha, as the originless source of timeless and unlimited Atiyoga teachings, and honors the contradictory view maintained by some parties arguing that the Dzogchen teachings originate from the Bonpo tradition or from the Chinese monk Moheyan:
"Samantabhadra is not subject to time, place or physical conditions. Samantabhadra is not a colorful two-eyed being. Samantabhadra is the unity of consciousness and emptiness, the unity of appearances and emptiness, the nature of the mind, natural clarity with unceasing compassion - it is Samantabhadra from the beginning."
Unlike his more popular counterpart, Samantabhadra is rarely depicted alone and is usually found in a trinity on the right side of Shakyamuni, mounted on a six-tusked white elephant. In these traditions that accept the Avatamsaka Sutra as its fundamental instruction, Samantabhadra and Manjusri flank the Buddha Vairocana , the central Buddha of this particular sutra.
It is sometimes shown in Chinese art with feminine characteristics, riding an elephant with six pairs of tusks while wearing a lotus leaf 'parasol' (sanskrit: chatra), wearing a dress and features similar to some female representations of Guanyin. It is in this form that Samantabhadra is revered as the protective bodhisattva of monasteries associated with Mount Emei in western China in Sichuan Province, an important Buddhist pilgrimage site. Some believe that the white elephant mount of Samantabhadra was the same elephant that appeared to Queen Maya, the Mother of the Buddha, to announce her birth.
The esoteric traditions of Mahayana treat Samantabhada as one of the "Primordial" Buddhas (Sanskrit: Dharmakaya), but the main primordial Buddha is considered Vairocana.
The Sri Lankan people worship Samantabhadra Bodhisattva as Saman (also called Sumana, Samantha, Sumana Saman). The name Saman means "the rising morning sun." The god Saman is considered one of the guardian deities of the island as well as a protector of Buddhism. Its main shrine is located in Ratnapura , where an annual festival is held in his honour.
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