Bhaishajyaguru, the medicine Buddha and lapis lazuli, its associated stone.
Bhaishajyaguru (ch. Yàosh-f藥師佛; ja: Yakushi; ti: Sangye Menla) is one of the Buddhas of the past in Mahayana, as well as a tantric deity in Tibetan Buddhism. Theoretically, the number of Buddhas that existed is immense, each having been in charge of a Kalpa, as an instructor and Master of the Law. They are often described collectively as "Thousand Buddha" (chin. Qian Fo), and many caves (notably in China, Dunhuang) were dedicated to them. He is the Buddha specializing in material and spiritual healings. He reached the awakening on Vaidyryanirbhsa (a world similar to lapis lazuli). In this world located to the east, has not to be confused with the eastern paradise of the dhyani Buddha Akshobhya, resident by his side the bodhisattvas S.Aryaprabha (Solar Clarity) and Candraprabha (Lunar Clarity).
According to the Sapta tath-gaga-Perva pra-idh-na vieea vistara (Vow of the Vow of the Seven Tathagatas) 4, Bha-ajyaguru has seven emanations5 representing seven different modalities of healing or protection.
Glorious Buddha of excellent Signs, Golden King Buddha, Excellent and Immaculate, Radiant Merry Who Fulfills Wishes, Precious Buddha King of His Melodious, Brilliant Radiance of Capacity, Buddha King Supreme Glory Who Releases Suffering, Melodious Ocean Buddha of the Proclaimed Dharma, Buddha King of the Claret Of The Wise Ocean of Dharma Wisdom. Sometimes Gautama joins the group, forming all eight medical Buddhas. Sixteen Boddhisatvas maculins (Manjoushri, Avalokiteshvara, Maitreya, Ksithigarbha, Akasagarbha, Vinaraviskambin, Samantabhadra) and women (Lasya, Puspa, Malya, Dupa, Gita, Aloka, Gantha, Nirthi), ten gods such as Indra, Brahma, Agni, Vishnu (probably Sarsvasti, Dirda, Shri), four Great Kings Gods Vaishravana, Dhirtrastra, Viroudhaka, Viroupaksa and twelve generals in armor, called yaka 6, each under his command seven thousand soldiers, help him to fight the diseases. The latter are Kumbhara, Vajra, Mikila, Andira, Anila, Andila, Indra, Pajira, Mahorga, Kinnara, Catura and Vikarla.
The most common rite is to read his vow 49 times, light 49 votive lamps and extend the paper Prayer Flags 49 days in a row.
Traditionally the recitation of his mantra (Namo Bhagavate Bhai-ajya-guru-vai-rya-prabh-ràja Tath-gagaya Arhate Samyak-sambuddhya. Tadyath, om, bhai-ajye bhai-ajye Bhai-ajya-samudgate sv-h.) is practiced using a mala made of 108 lapis lazuli beads. Lapis lazuli (Na, Ca)8(Al, Si)12O24S2 FeS- CaCO3, is a metamorphic rock containing silicates from the feldsparoid group.
It is best known as ornamental stone, opaque, blue in color, between azure and overseas. Its use is very old, dating back 7,000 years. The best deposits are in Afganisthan, Badakhchan province.
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