Half sakyamuni- half Acala.
Silver 925 punched and copper.
Tibetan Tantric Vajrayana Buddhism, Japanese Shingon
Pendant dimension: 44mm high by 26mm wide by 22mm thick
Weight of 35 grams
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Acala, leader of the Vidyaraja, the 5 kings of Buddhist knowledge and magical sciences.
Acala, Acalanātha, Achala, Fudō-Myōō in Japanese, Búdòng míngwáng in Chinese (不动明王), Tibetan Miyowa.
Acala the Immutable or "Acalanātha" the Immutable Master, is a Buddhist deity of mikkyo, a Japanese term meaning "esoteric teaching", refers to Japanese Tantric Buddhism. It is practiced in the Shingon school and in some branches of the Tendai school.
Also revered in Tibetan, Mongolian and Chinese Tantrism, the late "Tangmi" current for the latter, supplanted by Lamaism from the Mongol Yuan dynasty.
he is one of the five Vidyaraja, kings of knowledge and knowledge, lords of magical sciences, wrathful gods incarnated by Buddhas and bodhisattvas
Protectors of the Dharma, fighting demons, and frightening suffering and stubborn beings, having false or nihilistic beliefs.
Protectors of the 5 Dhyani Buddha, or Buddha of wisdom, also called Meditation Buddha.
Acala, the leader of the Vidyaraja, is associated with fire and anger. Mostly represented in Japan,
Acala, from his mystical name Jôjû Kongô, "the eternal and immutable diamond", is the destroyer of passions. In esotericism, he is considered a body of metamorphosis (Nirmânakâya) of Vairocana whose firmness of mind and will to destroy evil he personifies.
It has as its symbol a sword held vertically and around which surrounds a dragon surrounded by flames. Its halo of flames supposed to consume passions. It is described in many sutras, notably in the Mahâvairochana-sutra.
He would assume, "against obstacles, the energy of the adept himself", thus showing the power of compassion of Vairocana. His sword is used to fight the "three poisons": avarice, anger and ignorance. With his left hand he holds a rope (pâsha) to catch and bind the evil forces and prevent them from harming. Acala having vowed to extend the lives of his faithful by six months and to give them an unwavering resolve to overcome the forces of evil, he is sometimes invoked as a "life extender".
In Tibet, Acala is called Achala-Vajrapani and is a Dharmapala (guardians of the teachings). He is depicted with 4 heads, four arms and four legs, trampling demons. He holds the sword, the rope, a vajra and a skull cap.
His face expresses extreme anger, frowning eyebrows, left eye wrinkled or looking crooked, lower teeth biting the upper lip. He has the physique of a corpulent child (with a round stomach).
Its canines are protruding, the right pointing upwards, symbolizing heaven and spirit, the left downwards, earth and matter.
An aura of fire completely surrounds it (peaceful deities have an aura similar to a sea at rest). He sits on a large rock symbolizing his firmness and unwavering determination. It represents immutability.
Acala is said to be a powerful deity who protects the faithful by burning all obstacles (antaraya) (障難, Shonan) and (Klesa defilements) (雜染, zōzen), thus helping them to enlightenment.
Originally the mahayana deity Acalanātha, whose name means "immovable protector", Acala was incorporated into the vajrayana as a servant of the Buddha. In Tangmi (Tang-era Chinese Vajrayana), his name was translated as Budong "immobile" (chin: 不動; Búdòng ).
Then, the deity was imported to Japan as 不動 (Fudō) by Kukai (July 31, 774 - April 22, 835) scholar and official at the Japanese imperial court (very early Heian period), founding saint of the Shingon esoteric Buddhist school, during his trip to China in 804, with the aim of initiating the tantric form of Buddhism. There he met the eminent Buddhist scholar Pranja from the Gandhara region, the cradle of the Mahayana or great vehicle, a region located in the northwest of present-day Pakistan. Kukai studied in China as a member of the Kentoshi Mission.
Scholars such as Miyeko Murase claim that the origins of this Buddhist deity lie in the Hindu deity Shiva, from whom it borrows many traits, especially its attributes of destruction and reincarnation.
The deity was popular during the Middle Ages and in modern times in Nepal, Tibet and Japan where most often we find sculptural and pictorial representations of him. Much of the iconography comes from Japan.
In Tibetan Buddhism and art, Buddha Akshobya, whose name also means "the immutable", presides over the clan of deities to which Ācala belongs. Other sources refer to Acala and Caṇḍaroṣaṇa as an "emanation" of Akshobhya, suggesting further assimilation.
Acala evolves into a deity invoked in Buddhist rituals to "frighten gods, titans, men and destroy the force of demons," and he kills all ghosts and evil spirits.
In some Buddhist texts such as the Sādhanamālā, the Hindu gods Vishnu, Shiva, Brahma and Kandarpa, are said to be "evil" because they cause an endless rebirth, and these gods are terrified of Acala because he wears a rope to tie them.
In Nepalese and Tibetan Buddhist traditions, Visvajri became Acala's companion.
In Shingon Buddhist temples dedicated to Ācala, priests perform fudō-hō (不動法), or ritual service to obtain the divinity's purifying power for the benefit of the faithful. This rite systematically involves the use of the Homa ritual (護摩, goma) as a purification tool. Ritual in which every religious offering is turned into fire.
In the mystical Shugendo, a Japanese esoteric Buddhist current, lay people or monks in yamabushi dress following rigorous outdoor training in the mountains often pray small Acala statues or portable talismans that serve as his honzon.
Ācala is also at the top of the list of 13 Buddhas (十三仏, jūsan butsu). Thus, Shingon followers in times of mourning assign Acala to the first seven days of mortuary service.
The first week is an important observation, but perhaps not as much as the observation of "seven times seven days" (or 49 days) signifying the end of the "intermediate state" (bardo).
In Japan, Acala became a full-fledged hotbed of worship, and was installed as a honzon (本尊) or main deity in outdoor temples and shrines. A famous example is the Narita Fudō-dō, a Shingon sub-sect temple in Narita San.
The mantra recited in honor of Fudō Myō-ō is in Sanskrit
"Namaḥ samantavajrāṇāṃ, caṇḍamahāroṣaṇa sphoṭaya hūṃ traka hāṃ māṃ".
In Japanese " Nōmaku samanda bazaradan sendamakaroshada sohataya hun tarata kan man "
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